托福阅读 技巧小结1 – TOEFL ibt Reading Strategy 1

托福阅读 考试当中,是否需要在做题之前通读文章,是困扰很多考生的问题,今天就这个问题进行一些探讨。
During the TOEFL iBt reading test, whether it is necessary to read the whole passage before answering questions has been puzzling many test takers. We are going to discuss a bit on this today.

首先要明确以下几点:
Let’s make sure the following points

1,托福考试阅读网考的总时间是60分钟,每篇文章可用的时间是20分钟。
1, TOEFL online reading test takes 60 mins,and 20 mins for each passage.

2,考试问题与文章的顺序基本对应,且基本能够轻松定位想关语段。
2, It is usually not difficult for test takers to locate the right paragraph for a specific question.

那么做题之前到底要不要做全文通读,就此我做了以下的研究。
Whether we should read ahead or not, I have done the following research.

我找到了六位同学,其中两位托福成绩100分左右,两位在70-80分之间,剩下的两位在70分以下。我将学生分为A,B两组,每组各包含成绩为100分左右,70-80之间和70分以下的同学一名,A组做题前通读文章,B组安排直接考试做题。测试用时20分钟
I found six students, with 3 levels of TOEFL grades namely around 100, between 70 – 80, and below 70. They are categorized into two groups leaving each group one student from each level above.
Group A Read the whole passage first before answering questions and group B the opposite. They are given 20 mins to complete the test

阅读测试语篇为TPO-10 第一篇 Chinese Pottery。
I used Chinese Pottery from TPO-10

得出结论如下:
Results are as follows:

A组 GroupA
A组考生 正确题数量 正确率
100分段 13 0.928571429
70-80分段 8 0.571428571
70分以下段 3 0.214285714
B组 GroupB
B组考生 正确题数量 正确率
100分段 10 0.714285714
70-80分段 9 0.642857143
70分以下段 3 0.214285714

粗略的统计结果似乎证明,先通读文章,对于英语程度较高的学生更有利,但对于中等的,和英语程度比较薄弱的学生区别不大。我将自习具体分析到每道试题,看看具体各种类型的答题情况如何。且听下回分解。
From the approximate analysis, it seems that reading the passage before answering the question is a better choice for the high levels,however, it doesn’t make much difference for the medium or lower level students. More detailed analysis based on specific type of questions will be brought to you next time.