托福听力 技巧-Teaching strategy of TOEFL Conversation

已经有差不多一个多月的时候没有更新文章了。在这段时间我的教学工作进入了高二的攻坚阶段,越来越多的学生需要在尽可能短的时间内取得比较理想的托福成绩。有一部分同学开始着急了,在我看来是很好的。一些紧张的气氛的确有助于提升学习效率。或许科学上也有关于“肾上腺素”的理论,在我看来,这种气氛是可以传染的,控制到好一定会大有裨益。

It has been almost a month since the last post. My job has been keeping me up for it is the second year of the international high school when students are eager to obtain their preferrable TOEFL scores. Some of the students begin to worry about the exam, from my perspective, that’s beneficial. For one thing, it helps to be a bit nervrous to keep onself concentrated, secondly, the anxiety would spread and if properly diverted by the teacher, it can be taken advantage of.

近期以来没有做多少关于教学研究方面的工作。更主要的是像前文所述,做好教师的本职工作,但是对于托福听力的教学还是要记录一下自己的心得体会,以便能有资格和其他奋战在统一战线的战友们加强交流。

I haven’t been able to find time for teaching research tasks, like I put before,I have been a down to the earth teacher for quite a priod of time, but still I would very much to share my observations of tutoring TOEFL so as to keep myself updated with everybody else.

本月的课程当中,听力部分着重总结了Conversation部分的主要主题:课程注册,和课程取消,我分别是用了下面的两幅框架图来涵盖听力内容。以其在学生听陌生的材料之前能够对于可能发生的对话有所预期。

During this much, I worked on tutoring the Conversation part of TOEFL listening, especially on the following two topics, namely course registration and course cancellation. I found flow chart is useful in preparing a student from a topic about which they have no ideas.

课程注册流程图: FLow chart for Course Registration

听力课程注册汇总TPO3-1

课程取消流程图: Flow chart for Course cancellation

听力课程注册汇总TPO3-1

   通过流程图类型题目的讲解,可以比较显著地提高学生在听力材料播放过程中的解码能力和解码速度。当然这还只是感性认识,真正的研究结果还要等到数据统计。

   By analyzing the flow chart, the student get well prepared for the listening, as a result, the decoding and responding of students have been shortened. But the detailed report of that relies on future statistic analysis.

总结起来通过绘制听力流程图的方法来讲解托福听力CONVERSATION部分的好处一共有三点:

As a whole there are three advantages of using flow chart in tutoring the conversation part.

第一,流程图能够把需要学生掌握的新词汇通过场景串联起来,从此学生面对的不仅仅是一张单词与单词之间没有任何情景联系的词汇表,这将显著提高在这个场景下学生对该类词汇掌握的熟练程度。

Firstly, Flow Chart helps to organize the new vocabularies in a semantic content, or the new words would become seperated in different word lists and create a headache for the students to remember.

第二,通过流程图的讲解可以规避允长的听力材料理解的不便。试想4分钟的听力材料若是在课堂上播放三遍的话就已经占据了差不多三分之一的课堂时间,而且三遍之后学生还不一定能正确理解听力材料的内容。

Secondly, Flow chart makes it easier to guide the student’s comprehension. Imagin a four minutes length listening comprehension being played three times in a period of class, half of the class time could have passed, with little comprehension achieved from students.

第三,流程图成为复习提问和进行课堂活动的得力助手。当第二天的课堂需要回顾课堂内容的时候,可以用流程图让学生反映出相应的应为内容,并且可以通过小组竞赛的形式让学生在播放听力材料的时候同步控制PPT的播放。这样大部分学生都会被“骗”到比赛中来而不得不多听力几遍重复的听力。

Thirdly, Flow chart can be developed into tools and activities to facilitate classroom teaching. For example, the next time, teacher may want to check on the student on the content. It is easy for the teacher to ask the student to recall the English content base on the flow chart. And students can be enticed to listen to the comprehension for many times if the process is made into a game in which the student should play the PPT in accordance with the flow of conversation.

关于流程图讲解Lecture部分的内容且听下回分解。

Would like to hear more on Flow chart of lectures? Wait for the next post.

 

托福听力