千万别再弄错啦! —–解析中国人对 托福考试的误区

千万别再弄错啦! —–解析中国人对托福考试的误区

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误区一:托福考试的分数就跟高考的分数一样重要,什么样的托福分数就觉得能上什么样的大学,所以刷托福分数是第一要务。

托福TOEFL考试是美国ETS考试中心研发的英语能力考试。是世界上众多可供选择的英语考试产品中普遍被北美地区学校所接受的考试之一。而国外大学在录取学生是会综合参考学生的学业成绩,语言成绩,社会实践活动等内容。尽管托福考试的分数是录取时十分重要的参考,但分数的高低绝不简单等同于录取学校的优劣,所以,一定不能因此忽视学业成绩和综合能力的培养。

 

误区二:只要不择手段刷到托福的高分,我的大学生活就能一帆风顺,万事大吉。

托福考试是一个水平测试,其主要目的是帮助有意录取来自非英语国家学生的大学鉴别某位申请者是否具备在国外大学顺利完成学业所必需的基本英语能力。托福考试的题型和模式都在尽量“原生态”的模仿国外大学中授课,生活,讨论等各类场景,基本的托福考试成绩是顺利完成大学学习的必要条件。但由于托福培训行业的市场化影响,机经,模板等考试技巧的应用,导致不少学生的托福分数与其真实英语能力不匹配,出国后学习遇到各种困难,甚至半途而废的也不在少数。所以,即使有了出色的托福成绩,还必须注重培养英语语言运用的技能,才能在将来出色完成大学学业。

 

误区三:中国人的托福成绩都很好了,才会导致学校对托福分数的要求水涨船高。

首先,中国考生的托福成绩在全球范围内并不理想,不但远远低于中国香港和澳门地区的考生水平,跟韩国,日本的考生的平均分数相比也有不小差距。由于青睐于美国等国家名校的考生越来越多,导致录取国际生时对托福成绩的要求水涨船高,而在这方面不占优势的中国考生就更加有必要加紧一切练习机会努力提高自己的英语水平。

 

误区四:托福考试对于词汇量的要求很高,上万了,所以我最重要的任务是要死背单词。

背单词列表这件事本身值得商榷,暂且不论大把的时间投入之后真正记住的单词有多少,而那些所谓“记住”的单词也并不能完全内化成自己的语言能力。翻译理论里有提到,两种语言中的词汇,几乎没有完全一一对应的关系,且在缺乏语境的情况下更是容易导致对所记单词词义理解存偏差,导致词汇误用。然而,很多学生都已经完全接受了这种“简单粗暴”的英语学习活动,甚至痴迷于此。若一定要让背单词表发挥它最大的作用,大量阅读英文材料是不可或缺的。所以,背单词表绝不是最重要的英语学习任务。

 

误区五:我的一个同学考托福机经全中了,轻轻松松得了高分,我就不用学,到时候背机经就好了。

 

目前市面上炒得再热的所谓“绝密”机经都从来不敢担保它的命中率。不可否认,ETS的托福题重复出现是有一定概率可循,可是将自己的英语学习此绑架在一起就跟赌博没有区别了。再说,即使机经中了,得了高分,将来在大学里听不懂课的时候却不会再有神奇的“机经”来解救你的大学生活。所以,诚恳扎实的英语学习是根基,比什么机经都来得重要。

托福考试的误区

TOEFL ibt Reading skills 2- Reference Questions 托福阅读技巧2 – 指代问题

Reference Questions have always been the headaches of some Chinese TOEFL ibt exam takers,partly because the Chinese language doesn’t put them that way when it comes to make a reference. As a clear understanding of references is vital in comprehending a passage,it surely will be heavily tested in the TOEFL ibt test which targeted a measurement of ability for successful academic study.

托福阅读指代题,一直以来都是中国考生的头疼问题,部分是因为中文里的指代关系与英文差别很大。但是弄清楚指代关系对于正确无误理解文章是十分关键的。所以,素来以测试考试是否具备在英语国家学习的语言能力的托福考试,自然会在指代问题上出题。

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To improve reading, of course one needs to read a certain amount of stuff, but for taking the tests, there are some techniques, or tricks, I would like to put it that way because I don’t want students to take it for granted that tricks are better than wit when it comes to improve language skills.

要提高阅读能力,需要大量的阅读。但是对于考生来说,在考试中确实有一些技巧来对付这样的指代题,其实称作投机取巧或许更合适。因为我不希望学生借此认为,投机可以取代刻苦地阅读来提高阅读能力。

First, lets take a look at an example,

首先我们先来看一道例题,

32. The word “they” in line 4 refers to

(A) seasonal changes

(B) natural forces

(C) theories

(D) human beings

 

And the sentence in the passage is like this:

The argument for this view goes as follows. In the beginning, human beings viewed the natural forces of the world, even the seasonal changes, as unpredictable, and they sought through various means, to control these unknown and feared powers.

The traditional way of cracking this might be paying attention cracking on the grammatical structure of the sentence to identify the reference, but surely,a simpler way is to put the potential candidates from the questions in to the sentence to test.   In the sentence “they” act like the subject of the sentence with the verb of “sought through”, a verb clearly indicate the subject to be humane. Then the answer is much easier to be spotted.

按照传统的做题方法,我们需要很好的分析这句话的语法结构,从中间找到指代关系。但是另外一种更加快捷的做题方法就是把各个选项中的词汇带入句子当中进行测试。代词后面的谓语动词是sought through, 很显然,这个动词的主语一定要是人,到这里,答案就显而易见。

In English, when pronouns are asked to be identified, a simpler way to do this is to look at the verb, to think whether the reference of pronouns would work for the verb as subject or object.

在英语中,当你被问及指代问题,一个简单的解题方法便是把选项带入句子,看看作为宾语或者主语的代词,是否跟谓语动词形成逻辑关系。

Here are some more Questions for you to practice with this technique.

下面还有几道练习题,来让你适应这种做题方法。

Last but not least, read more is always the ultimate way of improving reading, regardless of any tricks or techniques that helped you in any tests.

但需要注意的是,不管这样的技巧能帮你在考试中提高多少分数,提高阅读能力最好的方法仍然是大量阅读。

4. The word “They” in line 5 refers to

(A) houses

(B) bluffs

(C) walls

(D) families

Sentence: At least a dozen large stone houses took shape below the bluffs of Chiaco Canyon in northwest New Mexico. They were built with masonry walls more than a meter thick and adjoining apartments to accommodate dozens, even hundreds, of families.

 

15. The word “them” in line 17 refers to

(A) years

(B) hands

(C) pieces

(D) films

Sentence:

The suggestions became more explicit, and so emerged the musical cue sheet containing indications of mood, the titles of suitable pieces of music, and precise directions to show where one piece led into the next.

Certain films had music especially composed for them. The most famous of these early special scores was that composed and arranged for D. W. Griffith’s film Birth of a Nation, which was released in 1915.

 

24. The word “which” in line 7 refers to

(A) crusts

(B) kilometers

(C) plates

(D) continents

Sentence:The crusts and the top, solid part of the mantle, totaling about 70 to 100 kilometers in thickness, at present appear to consist of about 15 rigid plates, 7 of which are very large.

 

 

托福阅读技巧2

TOEFL ibt Reading Skill

托福考试内容 TOEFL iBT Content

 

TOEFL iBT® Test Content

 

The TOEFL iBT® test is given in English and administered via the internet. There are four sections (listening, reading, speaking and writing) which take a total of about four and a half hours to complete.

Combining All Four Skills: Listening, Reading, Speaking and Writing

During the test, you are asked to perform tasks that combine more than one skill, such as:

  • Read, listen and then speak in response to a question
  • Listen and then speak in response to a question
  • Read, listen and then write in response to a question

TOEFL iBT Test Sections

Section Time Limit Questions Tasks
Reading* 60–80 minutes 36–56 questions Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listening 60–90 minutes 34–51 questions Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions.
Break 10 minutes
Speaking 20 minutes 6 tasks Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Writing 50 minutes 2 tasks Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.

The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading or Listening section that do not count toward your score. These are either questions that enable ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions.

Please read the timing instructions for the Reading Section carefully. The instructions will indicate how many passages you will receive and the amount of time you have to respond to questions for those passages. Be sure to pace yourself so that you have time to answer all the questions.

A standard English language (QWERTY) computer keyboard is used for the test. We recommend that you practice typing on a QWERTY keyboard before taking the test.

Native-speaker English Accents

Beginning in March 2013, the Listening and Speaking sections of the TOEFL iBT test will include other native-speaker English accents in addition to accents from North America. Test takers may hear accents from the United Kingdom, New Zealand or Australia.

ETS is adding these accents to better reflect the variety of native English accents test takers may encounter while studying abroad.

Below is an example similar to what test takers might hear in the Speaking and Listening sections.

Listen to a talk about the greenhouse effect (MP3). The lecturer is from Great Britain.